How to create shipping modules in magento

By | April 22, 2017
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Shipping method is one of first requirements of every magento website. It is very easy to make it for any shipping carrier providers. Shipping method calculate the rates based on customer address and total product weights.

Lets start by explaining how Magento handles shipping, and what would be needed to achieve our goal.

When anyone looking for available shipping methods, Magento first collect all available carriers. A “Carrier” represents a shipping carrier, just like in real world (ex. Echo, UPS, USPS). Each carrier is represented with the class that extends Mage_Shipping_Model_Carrier_Abstract.

After list of carriers has been received, shipping information(implemented as Mage_Shipping_Model_Rate_Request) is sent to carrier in order to retrieve all available rates provided by given carrier, represented as Mage_Shipping_Model_Rate_Result.

This process happens in Mage_Shipping_Model_Shipping::collectRates() as seen in code below:

...
$carriers = Mage::getStoreConfig('carriers', $storeId);
 
foreach ($carriers as $carrierCode => $carrierConfig) {
    $this->collectCarrierRates($carrierCode, $request);
}
...

Function collectCarrierRates() is responsible for checking carrier availability (is carrier enabled in admin, is it available for requested country, etc.), and eventually triggers collectRates() function of your class, which we will implement later.

And that is general outline of what is going on behind the scenes. We are now ready to write some code that will fit nicely into everything explained above. First thing you will need to do, is create new module which depends on Mage_Shipping. Besides standard module configuration, you will have following inside your config.xml:

<config>
    ...
    <default>
        ...
        <carriers>
            <mymodule_shipping>
                <active>1</active>
                <model>mymodule_shipping/carrier</model>
                <title>Mymodule Shipping Carrier</title>
                <sort_order>1</sort_order>                
            </mymodule_shipping>
        </carriers>
        ...
    </default>
    ...
</config>

You can see that our carrier will be represented with Mymodule_Shipping_Model_Carrier, so lets implement that class. As previously said, carrier needs to extend Mage_Shipping_Model_Carrier_Abstract and implement Mage_Shipping_Model_Carrier_Interface in order to ensure Magento can work with it. We will start by doing just that:

class Mymodule_Shipping_Model_Carrier
    extends Mage_Shipping_Model_Carrier_Abstract
    implements Mage_Shipping_Model_Carrier_Interface
{
    protected $_code = 'mymodule_shipping';

Next, our interface requires us to implement getAllowedMethods() which returns array of key-value pairs of all available methods, so let’s do that:

public function getAllowedMethods()
{
    return array(
        'standard'    =>  'Standard delivery',
    );
}

Finally, we said that rates are collected by calling collectRates(). This function takes shipping information as parameter, and returns all available rates. It is also responsible for determining which rate is available for given request:

public function collectRates(Mage_Shipping_Model_Rate_Request $request)
{
	/** @var Mage_Shipping_Model_Rate_Result $result */
	$result = Mage::getModel('shipping/rate_result');
 
	$result->append($this->_getStandardRate());
 
	return $result;
}

Our ‘standard‘ rate is always available. Each rate is added by passing Mage_Shipping_Model_Rate_Result_Method object to append() of our result object. And we get those rate objects by calling _getStandardRate(), which are implemented as following:

protected function _getStandardRate()
{
    /** @var Mage_Shipping_Model_Rate_Result_Method $rate */
    $rate = Mage::getModel('shipping/rate_result_method');
 
    $rate->setCarrier($this->_code);
    $rate->setCarrierTitle($this->getConfigData('title'));
    $rate->setMethod('large');
    $rate->setMethodTitle('Standard delivery');
    $rate->setPrice(10);
    $rate->setCost(10);
 
    return $rate;
}

And that’s all that our class needs in order to work. We will finish up by adding admin configuration through system.xml. Here is an shortened version:

<config>
    <sections>
        <carriers>
            <groups>
                <mymodule_shipping translate="label">
                    ...
                    <fields>
                        <active translate="label">
                            ...
                        </active>
                        <title translate="label">
                            ...
                        </title>
                        <sallowspecific translate="label">
                            ...
                            <frontend_type>select</frontend_type>
                            <frontend_class>shipping-applicable-country</frontend_class>
                            <source_model>adminhtml/system_config_source_shipping_allspecificcountries</source_model>
                            ...
                        </sallowspecific>
                        <specificcountry translate="label">
                            ...
                            <frontend_type>multiselect</frontend_type>
                            <source_model>adminhtml/system_config_source_country</source_model>
                            ...
                        </specificcountry>                        
                    </fields>
                </mymodule_shipping>
            </groups>
        </carriers>
    </sections>
</config>

And that is all work required for our shipping method to appear on checkout step. This module has been written as an example for Magento CE 1.9.0.1 and can be downloaded here.

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